Publications

"Status Spillovers."

Reschke, Brian P., Pierre Azoulay, and Toby E. Stuart. Administrative Science Quarterly. Forthcoming.

"Economic Research Evolves: Fields and Styles."

Ellison, Glenn, Joshua Angrist, Pierre Azoulay, Ryan Hill, and Susan Lu. AER: Papers & Proceedings Vol. 107, No. 5 (2017): 293-297.

"​The Applied Value of Public Investments in Biomedical Research."

Li, Danielle, Pierre Azoulay, and Bhaven N. Sampat. Science Vol. 356, No. 6333 (2017): 78-81.

"The Mobility of Elite Life Scientists: Professional and Personal Determinants."

Azoulay, Pierre, Ina Ganguli, and Joshua Graff Zivin. Research Policy Vol. 46, No. 3 (2017): 573-590.

"​The Applied Value of Public Investments in Biomedical Research."

Li, Danielle, Pierre Azoulay, and Bhaven N. Sampat. Science Vol. 355, No. 6332 (2017):

"​Social Influence Given (Partially) Deliberate Matching: Career Imprints in the Creation of Academic Entrepreneurs."

Azoulay, Pierre, Christopher C. Liu, and Toby Stuart. American Journal of Sociology Vol. 122, No. 4 (2017): 1223-1271.

"Retractions."

Azoulay, Pierre, Jeffrey L. Furman, Joshua L. Krieger and Fiona Murray. Review of Economics and Statistics Vol. 97, No. 5 (2015): 1118-1136.

"Matthew: Effect or Fable?"

Azoulay, Pierre, Toby Stuart and Yanbo Wang. Management Science Vol. 60, No. 1 (2014): 92-109. Documentation. Data Model. Appendix.

"Research Efficiency: Turn the Scientific Method on Ourselves."

Azoulay, Pierre. Nature Vol. 484, No. 7392 (2012): 31-32.

"Empirical Studies of the Diffusion of Scientific and Technological Knowledge: Some Methodological Considerations."

Azoulay, Pierre. Journal of Industrial and Business Economics Vol. 39, No. 3 (2012): 73-87.

"Incentives and Creativity: Evidence from the Academic Life Sciences."

Azoulay, Pierre, Gustavo Manso and Joshua Graff Zivin. RAND Journal of Economics Vol. 42, No. 3 (2011): 527-554.

"Nasty, Brutish, and Short: Embeddedness Failure in the Pharmaceutical Industry."

Azoulay, Pierre, Nelson P. Repenning, and Ezra Zuckerman Sivan. Administrative Science Quarterly Vol. 55, No. 3 (2010): 472-507.

"Superstar Extinction."

Azoulay, Pierre, Joshua Graff Zivin and Jialan Wang. Quarterly Journal of Economics Vol. 125, No. 2 (2010): 549-589.

"The Effect of Academic Patenting on the Rate, Quality, and Direction of (Public) Research Output."

Azoulay, Pierre, Waverly Ding and Toby Stuart. Journal of Industrial Economics Vol. 57, No. 4 (2009): 637-676. Slides.

"The Determinants of Faculty Patenting Behavior: Demographics or Opportunities?"

Azoulay, Pierre, Waverly Ding and Toby Stuart. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organizations Vol. 63, No. 4 (2007): 599-623.

"The Anatomy of Medical School Patenting."

Azoulay, Pierre, Ryan Michigan and Bhaven Sampat. New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 357, No. 20 (2007): 2049-2056.

"Publication Harvester: An Open-Source Software Tool for Science Policy Research."

Azoulay, Pierre, Andrew Stellman and Joshua Graff Zivin. Research Policy Vol. 35, No. 7 (2006): 970-974.

"Capturing Knowledge Within and Across Firm Boundaries: Evidence from Clinical Development."

Azoulay, Pierre. American Economic Review Vol. 94, No. 5 (2004): 1591-1612.

"Consumption Externalities and Diffusion in Pharmaceutical Markets: Anti-Ulcer Drugs."

Berndt, Ernst, Pierre Azoulay and Robert Pindyck. Journal of Industrial Economics Vol. 51, No. 2 (2003): 243-270.

"Do Pharmaceutical Sales Respond to Scientific Evidence?"

Azoulay, Pierre. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy Vol. 11, No. 4 (2002): 551-594.

"Entrepreneurs, Contracts, and the Failure of Young Firms."

Azoulay, Pierre and Scott Shane. Management Science Vol. 47, No. 3 (2001): 337-358.

"The Diffusion of Scientific Knowledge Across Time and Space: Evidence from Professional Transitions for the Superstars of Medicine."

Azoulay, Pierre, Joshua Graff Zivin and Bhaven Sampat. In The Rate & Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited, edited by Joshua Lerner, Scott Stern, 107-155. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

"NIH Peer Review: Challenges and Avenues for Reform."

Azoulay, Pierre, Joshua Graff Zivin and Gustavo Manso. In Innovation Policy and the Economy, 1-21. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

"Technological Innovation and Organizations."

Azoulay, Pierre, and Joshua Lerner. In The Handbook of Organizational Economics, edited by John Roberts, Robert Gibbons, 575-603. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Working Papers

"Generating Ideas: Applied and Academic Research." Azoulay, Pierre, and Ben Jones. Innovation and Early Stage Ideas Conference at Tinbergen Institute, December 2006.

"Public R&D Investments and Private Sector Patenting: Evidence from NIH Funding Rules."  Azoulay, Pierre, Joshua S. Graff Zivin, Danielle Li, and Bhaven N. Sampat. NBER Working Paper #20889. January 2017.

"The Career Effects of Scandal: Evidence from Scientific Retractions." Azoulay, Pierre, Alessandro Bonatti, and Joshua L. Krieger. NBER Working Paper #21146. January 2016.

"Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time?" Azoulay, Pierre, Christian Fons-Rosen, and Joshua S. Graff Zivin. NBER Working Paper #21788. December 2015.

Punditry

"Turn the Scientific Method on Ourselves." Azoulay, Pierre.  Nature Vol 484, No. 7392 (2012): 31-32.

"Why Big Pharma Should Think Twice Before Working With Trump." Azoulay, Pierre. Fortune.com, February 6, 2017.